Uzbekyengilsanoat state joint stock company launched eight enterprises in the first quarter of 2013.
Total cost of the projects makes up US$16.131 million, of which US$5.516 million were own resources of enterprises, US$8.875 million – loans of banks and US$1.7 million – foreign investments.
The enterprises can produce 4,500 tonnes of yarn, 180,000 meters of fabrics, 1,200 tonnes of stockinet, 3.3 million pairs of hosiery products and 7.9 million units of ready garments a year.
In particular, Delta Tex has been launched in Andijan region. The capacity of the plant is 2,000 tonnes of yarn a year. The project’s cost is US$1.5 million.
Production capacities on the base of Global Tex with the cost of US$1.316 million and Jizzakh Toshtepa Textile with the cost US$6.8 million were launched in Jizzakh region. Global Tex can produce 180,000 meters of fabrics and Jizzakh Toshtepa Textile – 1,200 tonnes of stockinet.
Investments for US$300,000 were invested to creation of production of ready-made garments on the base of Nurota Textile. The enterprise can produce 0.9 million units of ready products years.
Two new enterprises were commissioned in Tashkent region. Capacities on production of ready-made garments were launched on the base of Kapital KZ and some US$815,000 were invested into the project. The capacity of the enterprise is 3.5 million ready-made garments a year.
Arslan Magic Socks specializes on production of hosiery products. Annually it can produce 3.3 million pairs of hosiery products. The project cost is US$1.2 million.
Vostok Produkt has been launched in Samarkand region. The project cost is US$3.8 million and the capacity is 2,500 tonnes of yarn a year.
Syrdarya region has completed implementation of the project on expansion of stockinet production on the base of Nafis Libos with the cost of US$400,500. The enterprise can produce 3.5 million units of ready goods a year. (Source:UzDaily.com).
The map covers a very significant period of humanity from the Stone Age to the present day. Many of the monuments are of global importance.
This work has been done by scholars and specialists of the General Office for Preservation and Utilization of Objects of Cultural Heritage of the Ministry of Culture and Sports of Uzbekistan. It goes that today more than 10 thousand sites of cultural heritage have been registered across the country. The works are in progress on including of other more thousand objects in this list. This is significantly more in number than those in all other countries of Central Asia combined.
According to the academician Edvard Rtveladze, success in this area is contributed by such important factors as the development of programs for the protection and utilization of sites of cultural heritage, the planned designing, restoration, conservation, maintenance and adaptation of objects of cultural heritage for modern use. In all regions of the country and Karakalpakstan operate regional inspections for their protection, which perform constant technical monitoring of conservation and restoration works. They also supervise the technical condition of objects of cultural heritage and keep cadastral records. At the same time, the general office specialists closely cooperate with UNESCO and other foreign organizations dealing with protection, conservation and restoration of objects of cultural heritage.
“Over the past 20 years, our specialists managed to thoroughly examine and summarize the experience of the old masters, and most importantly, to identify what needs to be done for preservation of their architectural masterpieces. This experience is now in demand all over the world,” said the head of the General Office for Protection and Utilization of Objects of Cultural Heritage of the Ministry of Culture and Sports, Ravshanbek Mansurov. “Thus, many of our contemporary masters performed very important works at various objects in Malaysia, India, Germany, and United States. They especially distinguished in decorating the buildings for the celebration of a thousand years history of Kazan. The latest example is the restoration work at the “Uzbekistan” sanatorium in Yalta, Ukraine, and the adjoining palace of Olimkhon.
Attaching great importance to the cultural heritage, Uzbekistan has adopted a long-term program for research, conservation and restoration of the unique monuments of the country for the purpose of passing them to future generations. Thus, the state program on restoration and reconstruction of monuments in Bukhoro will act till 2020, program on Samarqand to 2015, and the state program has been prepared on the objects located in Qashqadaryo region that will act by 2018 (Source: Uzbekistan Today Newspaper).
In the heart of development, there is innovation. It can be compared with the two streams that form a river, where one flow - an idea, a thought, often academic, and the other – a consumer, which can implement and use in his/her life the achievements of scientists. However, the experience shows that the two streams merged into the same river, they often need government support. Development of innovation infrastructure in the country in the first months of the year in Uzbekistan is one of the most discussed topics. New trends in this direction were studied by the Uzbekistan Today correspondent.
A ground for broad discussions was created by the process of summarizing completed innovative projects carried out by the Government’s grants and identifying new projects that receive public funding. Grants for innovative projects in Uzbekistan since 1998 have been a type of government support for scientific research. Under this program, each year, the Committee for Coordination of Science and Technology under the Cabinet of Ministers, on a competitive basis, from proposals of scientists selects 180 research topics that the two-year public funding. The main difference between grants for innovative projects and grants for fundamental and applied research is that in the two years of the project scientific development should be prepared to implement or put into production. That's why all of them are co-financed by consumers who intend to implement the proposed development. In some projects, they cover about half the costs of the project.
Innovation activity enhances the range of commodities; reduce production costs, adoption of environmentally friendly technologies. Therefore, further development of the necessary infrastructure to convince the public, is an urgent task. To that end, today a Law "On Innovation and Innovation" is being drafted. If accepted, innovators will be provided with new advantages and tax benefits, which will create additional conditions for the introduction of advanced technologies and development of import-substituting technology.
Introduction of new mechanisms to reduce the number of developments in circulation of scientific and technical information, and is not finding its practical application, will significantly improve the efficiency of billion soums allocated for science. This will lead to the fact that existing potential of science will be more involved. Available scientific institutions will have development, the new will appear. After all, that's why, for the last five or six years the High-Tech Center in Tashkent, Institute of Solar Energy, Qashqadaryo Research Institute for Breeding and Seed Production of Cereals were established in the country, which significantly expanded the capabilities of domestic science.
The results of grant implementation for innovative projects in 2011-2012 were summarized. The most active in development implementation were plants in oil and gas, cotton, iron and steel, chemical, pharmaceutical, oil and fat, and the food industries.
For example, Olmaliq Mining and Metal Plant got income from use of non-waste energy resources-clean copper production technology, developed by Fan va Taraqqiyot at the Tashkent State Technical University in 2012, totaled more than US$17m. Enterprises of the Uzkimyosanoat show strong performance. They produced last year new effective defoliants and fertilizers from local raw materials worth over 178 billion soums, according to technologies developed by the Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry under the innovation grants.
In total, there were 180 projects carried out in 2011-2012. The Committee for Coordination of Science and Technology noted that, compared to previous years the number of developments that have been introduced into production during the project significantly increased.
Experts note that together with institutions of academic and applied science, higher education institutions actively participate in innovation activity. Especially the role of the technical universities increases. On the whole, today companies are actively working with universities not only as a center for training, but as institutions of science. And it is rightly, because the integration of education and science contributes to better preparation of creative professionals.
The past period has again demonstrated the competitiveness of domestic science. Often companies, considering proposals to modernize the production of domestic and foreign companies as partners, have chosen the very local experts. Thus, for example, was with association of companies that produce cottonseed oil. Of the large number of proposals for modernization of the production, they have relied on a national project scientist from the Tashkent Institute of Chemical Technology, and it has paid off. The benefit of using this technology only in the past year was about 4 billion soums.
In this case, the final outcome of the implementation of innovative projects in 2011-2012 will form only in the coming years. To promote innovative developments fairs and exhibitions will be conducted, which in recent years were carried out not only at the national, but also at regional level. New technologies will become the topic of presentations by the Committee for Coordination of Science and Technology for management of large enterprises. Products will be included in the various catalogs and collections. In short, each design has a chance to find its way into the real economy.
Experts of the Committee for Coordination of Science and Technology noted that in recent years the legal form of registration of relationships between scientists and consumers is changing. The country increasingly uses practice of concluding licensing agreements.
More recently, almost all of the relationship between scientists and consumers were constructed on the basis of contracts. According to these documents, a scientist is to ensure creation developing of a product, preparing technical documentation necessary for its implementation in production, and received remuneration for his/her work. And the mission of the parties ended.
However, the realities of life and the world experience have shown that the more acceptable forms of other legal relationship between the parties of innovation activity that correspond to the concept of licensing agreement. Under license agreement, one party provides the right to use the invention or other technical advances, and the other - pays for appropriate fees in amount and manner prescribed. The terms of the license agreement can establish the area of the license, form of use of the object of the license (production or sale), the use of technology in number and duration of use. License agreements also generally include conditions on the transfer of the license to the consumer technical documentation for technical assistance by sending and receiving specialists, providing models of machines and equipment, mutual information on making technological improvements and so on.
According to the Committee for Coordination of Science and Technology, the first fact of signing a license agreement between a scientist and a user was registered in 2011 in enterprises of the fat and food industry. Since then the number of the followed the suit has increased. According to recent reports, a legal form is used today by around 30% of scientists who introduce their projects into production.
Example for all
Finally, the names of the authors of 183 projects that have received state support in 2013-2014 have become known. In their determination a few new trends were also seen.
The system of state grants for scholars in the country is arranged in such a way that it provides support for the scientist at all stages of development of scientific thought from basic research to implementation. Based on this, there are three types of research grants - for basic, applied and innovative research. Thus, in recent years, the share of projects, in which the authors use state support at all stages of the development of scientific thought. If there are five or six years ago, in the structure of innovative researches the number of such topics was about 20%, by today the proportion reached 60%. This situation sets up all scientists to solve actual problems of society.
Another new trend was the increase in the number of complex, large-scale projects. Most adopted to implement this grant unites several implementing organizations. This approach to research in 2008 was suggested by the Tashkent Tractor Plant. The plant sought to put together scientists of its own design offices, institutions of higher education, academic and applied research to develop machinery and trailers needed in the domestic agricultural sector. As a result – it two years over 40 competitive models of agricultural machinery, production of many already mastered have been developed. At the plant, commenting on the success, they say, that if there was no coordination of the activities of all organizations involved in the project, the creation of these models would have taken much longer. Accordingly, the Committee for Coordination of Science and Technology today recommends that all major research centers and businesses to follow suit. (Source: Uzbekistan Today Newspaper).
An international boxing tournament has ended in the Ukrainian city of Kherson. The members of Uzbekistan national team won two gold and silver medals and occupied the second place in the team event.
About 120 boxers from more than ten countries fought for the victory in the traditional competition organized for the eighth time.
Our compatriot Hasanboy Dusmatov fought in the lightest weight category 49 kg, won over Ferhat Pehlivan from Turkey with a score of 13:7, Temirtas Jusupov of Kazakhstan with a score of 14:12 and Maksim Chulyacheyev from Ukraine before the appointed time.
In the final, he has defeated David Nanava from Georgia with great advantage and took the highest step of the podium.
Rustam Tulaganov took part in the weight category up to 91 kg has added the second gold medal to the medals tally of our team. A talented boxer won in the battles with Teymur Mammadov of Azerbaijan with a score of 14:8, Gevorg Manukyan from Ukraine with 12:11 and received a ticket to the final.
In the fight for the gold medal, he has won over the representative of host country Arsen Azizov with a score of 24:15.
Silver medals were taken by prize winners of World Championship Jasurbek Latipov in 52 kilograms weight category and Mirzohid Abdullayev in the heaviest weight category. (Source: UzA)